№67-11

Criteria for amber quality assessment basingon the principle of comparison with consumer properties

P. Baranov1, O. Slyvna1, S. Shevchenko2, R. Kіrin3

Dnipropetrovsk Research Forensic Center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine

Dnipro University of Technology, Dnipro, Ukraine

State Organization Institute of Economic and Legal Research of NAS of Ukraine named V. Mamutov, Kyiv, Ukraine

Coll.res.pap.nat.min.univ. 2021, 67:125-135

https://doi.org/10.33271/crpnmu/67.125

Full text (PDF)

ABSTRACT

Purpose. Presentation of a new method for assessing the quality of raw amber based on the principle of comparing the properties of raw materials with the consumer properties of products.

Method. The work uses general scientific and special research methods - theoretical (analysis, generalization, comparison), gemological and economic. This work is based on the practical results of previously performed research and expert assessments.

The results. It is shown that amber is one of the most common stones in the arts and crafts and in the jewelry industry. The modern market has formed a consumer demand for amber products from beads and artistic carvings to collectible samples and interior appliances. Each type of product has its own variations of properties and, above all, it is shape, size, color, transparency, aesthetic effects, uniqueness, rarity, quality of processing, etc. However, the decorative properties of the raw material are hidden under the oxidized jacket (crust, film) and surface cracks. And in order to gain access to study the natural characteristics and determine the scope, taking into account the type of products, it is necessary to eliminate the oxidized jacket mechanically, which, of course, requires additional economic costs and technological capabilities.

Thus, individual consumer properties have been formed for each type of product, which on the set of aesthetic qualities and provide a certain value of the product.

In order to assess the quality of amber, the authors of the article proposed a method that is developed on the basis of a natural relationship between the consumer properties of products and decorative properties of amber.

Scientific novelty. The main quality criteria of raw amber are revealed. Various variations of certain of its properties, characteristic of each specific product, became the basis for the development of this method of assessing the quality of amber on the basis of a natural relationship between the consumer properties of products and decorative properties of raw materials.

Practical significance. Using the presented method of assessing the quality of amber will allow specialists to select the necessary raw materials for each type of product and, thus, develop quality criteria, which in the future will determine the scope and specific type of product (complexity, targeting).

Keywords: amber, quality criteria, consumer properties, decorative properties, inclusions, compatibility principle.

References

  1. Komliev, A. (2020). The amber branch of Ukraine: the issue of developing the national development program. Visnyk Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Military-Special Sciences, 1 (43), 50–56.
    https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2217.2020.43.50-56
  2. Zakon Ukrainy 637/97-VR vid 18.11.97 r. «Pro derzhavne rehuliuvannia vydobutku, vyrobnytstva i vykorystannia dorohotsinnykh metaliv i dorohotsinnoho kaminnia ta kontrol za operatsiiamy z nymy» (1997).
  3. Natsionalnyi standart Ukrainy «Burshtyn-syrovyna. Zahalni tekhnichni umovy» DSTU 8847:2019. (2019).
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    https://amberholl.ru/catalog/amber_balls_necklaces/
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  6. Kolektsiini zrazky burshtynu. (n.d.).
    https://amberholl.ru/catalog/souvenir_amber/souvenir_natural_ amber_l220119/
  7. Statuetka z naturalnoho baltiiskoho burshtynu «Morskyi konyk». (n.d.). https://www.ambercentre.com/shop/amber/amber-carvings/german-100-natural-baltic-amber-dragon-carving-rrp1900-ot6436/

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